Notable among his theology:
- He denied Original Sin or Total Depravity, meaning he believed that men are capable in and of themselves of choosing to be corrupt or redeemed, ignoring Genesis 6:5; Genesis 8:21; Romans 3:9-12; Romans 5:12-19; Romans 11:32.
- He denied Christ's substitutionary atonement, asserting that "It was, therefore, impossible for him to perform any works of supererogation;"
- He denied the doctrine of imputation, noting "The doctrine of imputed righteousness, or that Christ’s obedience to the law was accounted as our obedience, is founded on a most false and nonsensical assumption."
- He denied that the regeneration of sinners is a work solely of the Holy Spirit, but "Regeneration is ascribed to man in the gospel, which it could not be, if the term were designed to express only the agency of the Holy Spirit."
- He denied that revival is a miraculous work of the Holy Spirit, but merely "a purely philosophical result of the right use of the constituted means..."
- There's much, much more. See his Systematic Theology here. The homepage for Excedrin is here; you'll need it.
Here are some links to some brief articles on Finney that you might find helpful:
- Phil Johnson's Wolf in Sheep's Clothing.
- Michael Horton's The Legacy of Charles Finney.
- Bob DeWaay's Charles Finney’s Influence on American Evangelicalism.
- R.C. Sproul's The Pelagian Captivity of the Church.
Occasional posts tagged Finney Files will examine Finney's theology and influence.